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Long Term Results of a Digital Type 2 Diabetes Program

Date Published: February 1, 2024

Abstract

Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to examine the long-term impact of a digital diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) program on A1C among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Methods:

Data analyzed were from a retrospective cohort of commercially insured members with T2DM enrolled in the Omada for Diabetes program between January 1, 2019, and January 31, 2022 (n = 1,322). Linear mixed models measured changes in A1C and weight across 12 months (collected at baseline and every 3 months over 1 year) overall and stratified by A1C at baseline (≥8% vs <8%).

Results:

On average, members were 53.5 years old, 56.9% female, and 71.5% White, with a mean baseline body mass index (BMI) of 36.9 and A1C of 7.6%. Members with baseline A1C ≥8% demonstrated clinically and statistically significant adjusted mean reductions in A1C during follow-up, from 9.48% at baseline to 7.33%, 7.57%, 7.59%, and 7.47% at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, respectively. Those with A1C <8% maintained glycemic stability (6.73%, 6.50%, 6.54%, 6.62%, and 6.51%, respectively). Collectively, members experienced a −1.17 kg/m2 mean reduction in BMI over 12 months.

Conclusions:

This study provides real-world evidence that members with elevated baseline A1C (≥8%) enrolled in a digital DSMES program experienced clinically meaningful and statistically significant reductions in A1C. Those with baseline A1C within goal treatment range (<8%) maintained glycemic stability over 1 year. The findings support existing evidence that scalable digital DSMES solutions can help individuals with T2DM manage their condition.